terms of employment and collective agreement on wages
In an increasingly globalized working environment, the laws that govern employment can be difficult to understand and follow. Laws that are applicable in one country may not necessarily be applicable in another, even if they are related to similar conditions of employment. Labour law is a body of law that governs the employment relationship in Canada. It is the body of law that regulates the employment relationship between an employee, employer and trade union. Collective bargaining legislation relates to the three-way relationship between employer, employee and trade union to negotiate.
Federal labor laws also set out the National Minimum Wage Act which regulates the hourly rate for employees in the private sector and the Federal Insurance Commission which sets out rules and regulations for insurance companies. The Employment Act regulates all areas of employment including employment practices, occupational hazards, maternity and paternity, redundancy and discrimination among others. The National Minimum Wage Act regulates the minimum amount that an employee must be paid each week as well as overtime pay. It is imperative that these laws are enforced to protect employees from being paid less than the minimum wage.
federal laws that affect employees and employers
For instance, there is the Fair Labor Standards Act that sets out maximum hours of work and maximum wages that can be paid. The Occupational Safety and Health Act to regulate all matters relating to safety and health issues on the workplace. Another important federal law that affects workers is the Public Work Health and Safety Act that ensure the protection of workers from accidents at the workplace. The OSHA also oversees recruitment and training of workers and enforces compliance with the Employer Liability Act that protects employees from negligence of their employers.
Federal law also plays a key role in regulating recruitment and practice of employment. For instance, the Employer Liability Act makes it mandatory for employers to ensure that they provide appropriate insurance coverage and that they take steps to ensure compliance with the Act. Similarly, workers have certain rights under the Act which also include the right to union bust. Union busting is a term that describes attempts by an employer or union to force an employee to stop working for them. This is considered to be immoral by many and is against the primary aim of the Act which is to ensure fair labor practices.
Law, rights and wages!
Federal law does not only protect employees but also employers and allows them certain rights to bargain over wages and working conditions. In addition, workers are protected by the FDCPA, which outlines the rights of an employee to privacy in personal information. Federal law also protects foreign workers. Under the FDCPA, an employer cannot require a foreign worker to work in an illegal or sweatshop working condition.
Federal labor law is enforced through OSHA, which is an agency of the US Department of Labor. OSHA oversees private employment in the United States. Employers and employees can negotiate for a settlement between them that will be fair and will comply with their employment agreement. However, if a case goes to court, both sides must go before an administrative law judge to determine who should pay for the dispute.