Energy Supply – What We Can Do About It?
Energy resource management is the process of distributing, securing, and harnessing our natural energy resources. It involves a wide range of activities that can be grouped under four broad heads: utilization, creation or decomposition of energy, transfer, and transformation. Energy resource management aims at meeting the increasing demands for energy while ensuring the protection of the environment. It includes all those processes which take place in the whole supply chain including production, processing, marketing, and consumption.
is the direct delivery of energy or non-energy resources to the final destination. It potentially includes the generation, transmission, production, distribution, reprocessing, and retirement of energy sources. It is also known as energy circulation. Energy is one of the most important resource bases required by human beings for their daily lives.
A major portion of the world’s energy supply
comes from fossil fuels like coal, crude oil, and natural gas. Almost all the fossil fuels are derived from the Earth’s surface and therefore, it is very necessary to minimize the damage to the environment as well as to save the ozone layer. The extensive use of fossil fuels over the past decades has significantly increased the pressure on the limited supply of non-natural gas and electricity. The increasing price of non-natural gas and electricity makes it financially unviable for a vast majority of developing countries to rely on it as their main source of energy.
Renewable energy system refers to the systems
and equipment used to transform natural resources into electricity and other forms of renewable energy. This includes geothermal heat pumps, solar panels, wind turbines, pumped hydropower, and other types of renewable energy systems. The primary advantage of a renewable energy system is that the energy sources are generally available for free and it does not affect the environment in any negative way.
To address the growing energy needs
and to reduce the harmful effects on the environment there has been an increasing demand for clean energy. Clean energy is one of the best sources of energy as it does not contribute to pollution or global warming. There are several different ways in which this clean energy can be obtained. These include fossil fuels, solar power, and hydroelectricity. Fossil fuels are a non-renewable source of energy and hence the consumption of these fuels has a significant impact on the climate. On the other hand, the use of solar power results in a considerable saving of the environment as solar heat is captured through sunlight and transformed into electricity, thereby reducing the emission of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
is another effective source of energy used widely for electricity generation. However, hydroelectric power is only suitable for electricity produced from naturally occurring sources such as rainwater. It has a minor impact on the climate because rainwater is bound to run dry eventually, thus reducing its availability.